GlenHeaven Propolis
      Ojai, CA                 805-804-7214






                               Propolis Information  II


                                    The purpose of this page is to provide you with   

                              reliable, noncommercial information and 

                              references to the scientific literature on propolis.   




Photo from Value-Added Products of  Beekeeping' by R  Krell, FAO

Bees at propolized hive opening.




Web Texts and References


"Biological Therapy Using Propolis as Nutritional Supplement in Cancer Treatment," published in the International Journal of Cancer, 2007 is a very good survey of the more recent literature on that topic.  Though most areas of recent work are covered, the very exciting work of Nadia Orsolik and Ivan Basic in Slovenia is regretably not touched upon.  The article is a 'must read' and can be found linked here in full text.  "Abreu, Park, et. al."
“Propolis An Overview” by Dr. Ahmed Hegazi, Professor of Microbiology and Immunology, Cairo University, and member of Apimondia's Standing Committee on Apitherapy, provides an excellent 19 page summary of propolis history and research.

Dr. Hegazi's own contributions to the scientific knowledge of propolis are extensive.  This article covers major areas of propolis research through the mid 1990's.    "Hegazi"



Google Scholar has become a great single source for exploring research on propolis.  It accesses the PubMed database of the U.S. Nat’l Library of Medicine as well as many other sources with the option of  multiple languages.  Google also offers tranlation of some non-english citations from worldwide scientific/medical journals in answer to the search term ‘propolis’.  Nearly all have summary abstracts and some offer full text.  The quality and quantity of scientific propolis research has expanded dramatically over the past few years. 

   "Google Scholar Advanced"



Value-Added Products of Beekeeping by R. Krell is available in its entirety through the United Nations Foreign Agricultural Organization website.  Sections 5.4 and 5.5 of the chapter on "Propolis" provide a concise summary of medical uses of the substance.       "Krell"



Orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Franco Feraboli, provides an extraordinary service in detailing his work with slow-to-heal, infected, and sometimes gangrenous, wounds with honey and/or propolis, and bee stings.  Please be forewarned that this site contains medical photos that you may find disturbing or unpleasant. The text of the site is in Italian, but I include it here because of the tremendous value of Dr. Feraboli's work.  His use of propolis is demonstrated in slides 17 through 37.       "Feraboli"



Alan Lorenzo of Bee Well Therapy, an apitherapist specializing in bee venom therapy education, has been a very inventive user of propolis and honey combinations for a variety of health issues for people and animals. His web page, 'Apitherapy Health Tips,' shares some of those innovative uses.    "Bee Well Therapy"